Various websites and e-mails are reporting that cancer survival rates are much higher in the U.S. than in various European countries. Some quote Mark Tapscott in the Washington Examiner, who quotes Jim Hoft in the American Issue Project, who quotes Michael D. Tanner of the Cato Institute, who quotes ... well, quite a group of conservative pundits and politicians are involved. They appear to be using the same set of statistics to argue that national health care results in dramatically increased mortality rates from breast, prostate, and other cancers.
To check the facts, I went to the World Health Organization and made myself a chart. Using the most recent statistics available, I compared the health outcomes of six Western nations. No nation's health-care program is totally private, and no program is totally nationalized. Government funds pay for a percentage of health-care expenses in all six countries: the United States (45.8%), Germany (76.6%), Italy (77.1%), France (79.7%), the Netherlands (81.8%), and the United Kingdom (87.4%).
Do mortality rates increase with a higher percentage of government funding? Here's what I found:
- The United States ties with Italy for the lowest cancer mortality rate of all six countries. Interestingly, the U.S. and Italy also have the lowest smoking rates. The Netherlands and the U.K. have the highest smoking rates and also the highest death rates from cancer. The cancer mortality rate in the Netherlands is 15% higher than that of the United States and Italy.
- However, cancer accounts for fewer than a quarter of all deaths in the United States. Heart disease is an even bigger killer, and statistics on cardiovascular mortality are not so good in America. Of the six countries, the U.S. has the second highest mortality rate, with 59% more heart-related deaths than France.
- The U.S. also has the second highest death rate from injuries. American mortality in this category is more than 100% higher than that of the Netherlands.
- In the largest category, non-communicable diseases, the United States has the highest mortality rate of all six countries, with 25% more deaths than France.
- The adult mortality rate--that is, the probability of dying between the ages of 15 and 60--is highest in the United States. The next runner-up, France, is 20% lower, and Italy is 70% lower.
Of the six countries I compared, the United States is at the bottom in terms of healthy life expectancy: 69 years here compared to 71 in the Netherlands and the U.K., 72 in France and Germany, and 73 in Italy.
The U.S. is also at the bottom in terms of total life expectancy: 78 years here compared to 79 in the U.K., 80 in Germany and the Netherlands, and 81 in France and Italy.
Please, when you get an e-mail or see a web page giving statistics to argue that the United States already has excellent health care and doesn't need to revamp the system, stop and ponder. We currently spend roughly twice as much per capita on health care (counting both public and private sources) as these European countries.
What lots of Americans don't realize is this: the U.S. government already spends more per capita on health care than do the governments of these other countries--over 50% more than the Italian government spends, for example. And yet the Italians manage cancer just as well as we do, and their health-care outcomes are better than ours in every other category.